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Prove: If U(z) is a function which is analytic in the upper half of the z plane except at a finite number of poles, none of which are on the real axis, and if zU(z) converges uniformly to zero when z through values for which 0 arg z π, then is equal to 2πi times the sum of the residues at the poles of U(z) that lie in the upper half plane.

Proof. Let C_{1} be the segment -R
x
R of
the x axis and C_{2} be the semi-circle z = Re^{iθ},
center at the origin and radius R large enough to
include all the poles of U(z) which lie in the
upper half plane. See Fig. 1. By the residue
theorem

or

Thus

In the integral on the right, let z = Re^{iθ}, so that dz = Rie^{iθ}dθ = izdθ. Then

Using the property of line integrals which states

we can write

Thus, from 2) and 3),

From the hypothesis that |zU(z)| converges uniformly to zero when z
and 0
arg z
π, it
follows that for any arbitrarily small positive quantity, say ε/π, there exists a radius R_{0} such that

for all values of z on C_{2} whenever R > R_{0}. Thus for R > R_{0}

Thus from 4) and 5) we see that if R > R_{0}

Consequently we can write 1) as

or

References

Wylie. Advanced Engineering Mathematics

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